Atypical Eruptive Xanthoma
A Condition Confused With Monkeypox Rash
Keywords:chylomicronemia, eruptive xanthoma, lipemia retinalis
Since May 2022, monkeypox outbreaks have been reported in several countries outside Africa. The typical skin lesions of monkeypox begin as papules that appear in possible areas of inoculation, such as the skin or mucous membranes, followed by generalized pustules. Systemic symptoms appear simultaneously or a few days earlier than the lesions.
Thomas PK, Smith EB. Ocular manifestations in idiopathic hyperlipidaemia and xanthomatosis. Br J Ophthalmol 1958;42(8):501-6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.42.8.501.
Goldberg RB, Chait A. A Comprehensive Update on the Chylomicronemia Syndrome. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2020;11: 593931. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33193106. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7644836. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.593931.
Roga G, Jithendriya M. Eruptive xanthoma: Warning sign of systemic disease. Cleve Clin J Med. 2016;83(10):715-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27726830 https://doi.org/10.3949/ccjm.83a.15126
Thornhill JP, Barkati S, Walmsley S, et al. Monkeypox virus infection in humans across 16 countries - April-June 2022. N Engl J Med. 2022;387(8):679-91. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35866746 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa2207323
Català A, Clavo Escribano P, Riera J, et al. Monkeypox outbreak in Spain: Clinical and epidemiological findings in a prospective cross-sectional study of 185 cases. Br J Dermatol. 2022. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35917191. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.21790
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Yotsapon Thewjitcharoen, Natthakan Saiwaew, Soontaree Nakasatien, Thep Himathongkam
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International. (full license at this link: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/legalcode).
To obtain permission to translate/reproduce or download articles or use images FOR COMMERCIAL REUSE/BUSINESS PURPOSES from the Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies, kindly fill in the Permission Request for Use of Copyrighted Material and return as PDF file to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
A written agreement shall be emailed to the requester should permission be granted.